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Armstrong Whitworth

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   Aerial Department of the Sir W. G Armstrong Whitworth & Company
   Siddeley Deasy Motor Car Company
   Sir W. G. Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Company
   Whitworth Gloster Aircraft Ltd



History

Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft was originally established as the Aerial Department of the Sir W. G Armstrong Whitworth & Company engineering group in June, 1913 with works in the sawmills at Scotswood, near Newcastle-upon-Tyne. With the advent of contracts from the war office, the aircraft works were moved to premises in nearby Gosforth in September of that year. In 1914 the company produced its first aircraft of original design under the leadership of Dutchman Frederick Koolhoven (b. January 11, 1886; d. July 1, 1946) previously of the British Deperdussin Syndicate, Ltd. Koolhoven left the company in 1917 to join the British Aerial Transport Co., Frank Murphy replacing him as chief designer. Like many other companies, the end of World War One and the resulting termination of aircraft contracts had a serious effect on Armstrong Whitworth and in October of 1919, it was decided to close the Aerial Department.

Meanwhile, in 1906, Captain H.P. Deasy formed the Deasy Motor Car Manufacturing Company in Coventry, and in 1909, John Davenport Siddeley, was appointed general manager. By 1912, the company had become the Siddeley Deasy Motor Car Company. During the First World War the company was heavily involved in the production of aero-engines and in 1917 an aeroplane design office was opened under the leadership of John Lloyd.

Late in 1918, Armstrong Whitworth were approached by J.D. Siddeley about the possibility of a link up between the two firms and, in 1919, Armstrong Whitworth acquired Siddeley Deasy and formed the Armstrong Whitworth Development Company. The engine and automotive businesses of both companies were spun off as Armstrong Siddeley Motors Limited and in 1920 the aircraft interests became a separate company known as the Sir W. G. Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Company, centered at the old Siddeley Deasy factory in Parkside, near Coventry. Later that year, Armstrong Whitworth acquired a former RAF airfield at Whitley, south of Coventry, the works moving there in 1923 although the design office remained at Parkside until 1930. During 1925/6, the main Armstrong Whitworth concern in Newcastle was suffering from the economic downturn and was largely supported by the aircraft division. J. D. Siddeley bought the aircraft division in December 1926 and in 1927 the name of the Armstrong Whitworth Development Company was changed to the Armstrong Siddeley Development Company. The same year, Vickers and Armstrong Whitworth merged to form Vickers-Armstrongs.

In 1928, Armstrong Siddeley Holdings Ltd acquired A.V.Roe & Co Ltd. Siddeley had formed a flying school at Whitley in 1920 and in 1931, this developed into the wholly owned subsidiary Air Service Training (AST). With the acquisition of A.V. Roe, AST moved to Roe's Hamble facility. AST eventually became an independent company within the Hawker Siddeley Group in 1940.

In 1935, J. D. Siddeley retired and Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft was purchased by Hawker Aircraft, the new group becoming Hawker Siddeley Aircraft. The component companies of Hawker Siddeley co-operated, but operated as individual entities. The same year, with the growing size of Armstrong Whitworths' products, the Whitley airfield was proving too small and a new factory was established at the municipal aerodrome at nearby Bagington. Both factories continued in use throughout World War Two, but with the wholesale cancellation of contracts following the end of the war, all production was centered on Bagington and Whitley was closed.

Production at Armstrong Whitworth post war largely centered on manufacture for other members of the Hawker Siddeley Group, and the building of high speed aircraft showed the limitations of Bagington. As a result, the company leased two hangars at Bitteswell, near Lutterworth in Leicestershire in 1952, finally purchasing the airfield outright in 1956.

Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft was eventually merged with another Hawker Siddeley company, the Gloster Aircraft Company, in October, 1961, the combined companies being known as Whitworth Gloster Aircraft Ltd.

On 1 July 1963 the company again merged with another Hawker Siddeley company, this time Avro and, with Hawker Siddeley dropping the names of the component companies from its products, became the Avro Whitworth Division of Hawker Siddeley Aviation, the last Armstrong Whitworth Design, the A.W.681 transport, now becoming the H.S.681.

The government axing of many major programs in 1965, including the H.S.681, finally brought about the closure of Bagington in July, 1965. Bitteswell soldiered on until 1983 as an overhaul and repair facility until 1983, when it too finally closed.

Company References
  1. Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Since 1913, Oliver Tapper (Putnam., 1973)font>
  2. Aircraft Illustrated Magazine Nov, 1974



Armstrong Whitworth Designations

The Type Designation system for the Aerial Department of the Sir W. G Armstrong Whitworth & Company was based on designers’ name. The first aircraft were in the F.K. series, after their designer, Frederick Koolhoven. Following the departure of Koolhoven, the next aircraft were in the F.M. series, after their designer, Frank Murphy. The allocation of F.M.1 to F.M.3, if any, is unknown.
The Siddeley Deasy Company’s first designs appear to use a role based Type Designation, similar to that of the Royal Aircraft Factory designs from which they were derived.
After the amalgamation of the two companies, Armstrong Whitworth eventually settled on a simple and logical alpha-numeric Type Designation system, although the first use that is identified is the A.W.XIV. What, if anything, the A.W.I through A.W.XIII were is unknown. Although originally using Roman numerals, these quickly changed to Arabic.



Project Data


Aerial Department of the Sir W. G Armstrong Whitworth & Company top

Project No

Type No

Name

Alternative Name(s)

Year

Spec

Status

Qty

Description

References

  F.K.1  Sissit 1914  Proto 1 1S, 1E biplane 1,5,1
  F.K.2   1915  Prdn 9 2S, 1E reconnaissance biplane 2,5(1),6,123
  F.K.3   1915  Prdn 343 2S, 1E reconnaissance biplane 1,2,3,5,6,97,123
  F.K.4 Design for an airship gondola (note 5) 1915  n/a   (1)
  F.K.5   1915  Pro(n) 1 3S, 1E triplane escort fighter / Zeppelin destroyer 1,5(2),17(2)
  F.K.6   1916  Proto 1 3S, 1E triplane escort fighter / Zeppelin destroyer 1,5(2),7(2),17(2)
  F.K.7   1916  Proto 1 2S, 1E reconnaissance-bomber biplane 1,2,6
  F.K.8   1916  Prdn 1700 2S, 1E reconnaissance-bomber biplane 1,2,3,5,6,76,97,124
  F.K.9   1916  Proto 2 2S, 1E fighter quadruplane 1,2
  F.K.10   1916  Prdn 10 2S, 1E fighter quadruplane 1,2,5,7,17,74
  (note 4)  (unnamed 2S recce b/p) 1917  Proto 1 2S, 1E reconnaissance biplane 124
  (note 4)  "Improved F.K.8" 1917  Proto 1 2S, 1E reconnaissance-bomber biplane 124
  F.K.11   1917  Proj 0 Multiplane (1)
  F.K.12 (note 4)       
  F.K.13 (note 4)       
  F.M.4 Armadillo  1918  Proto 1 1S, 1E fighter 1,5,7,17
   Ara  1918  Proto 2 1S, 1E fighter 1,5,7,17

Following these, the aircraft department of Armstrong Whitworth was closed down.



Siddeley Deasy top

Project No

Type No

Name

Alternative Name(s)

Year

Spec

Status

Qty

Description

References

  R.T.1   1917  Proto 3 2S, 1E reconnaissance biplane 1
  S.R.2 Siskin  1918  Proto 3 1S, 1E fighter biplane 1
   Sinaia  1918  Proto 2 2E biplane bomber 1




Sir W.G Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Co. Ltd. top

Project No

Type No

Name

Alternative Name(s)

Year

Spec

Status

Qty

Description

References

   Siskin Mks II to V  1922 14/22 Prdn 482(40) 1S, 1E fighter biplane 1,3,33,59,71,87,93,98,99,102,126
   Tadpole  1920  Proto 1 2S, 1E reconnaissance biplane 1
   Awana  1923 5/20 Proto 2 2E troop transport1101
   Wolf  1923 10/21 Prdn 6 2S, 1E reconnaissance biplane 1
   Atlas Mk.I, II & DC  1925 30/24 Prdn 488(3) 2S, 1E army co-operation biplane 1,6,10,28,46,103,104
   Atlas  1933  Proj 0 3S development of Atlas Mk.II (1)
   Ajax  1925 34/26 Prdn 4 2S, 1E general purpose biplane 1,10
   Ape  1926 48/22 Prdn 3 2S, 1E experimental biplane 1
   Argosy Mks I & II  1926 35/24 Prdn 7 3E biplane airliner 1,3,11,38,41,68,105
  A.W.XIV Starling Mks I & II  1927 28/24 Proto 4 1S, 1E fighter biplane 1,7,36,106
  A.W.XV Atalanta  1932  Prdn 8 4E high wing monoplane airliner 1,3,11,37,42,107,108
   Not Identified    Proj 0 4E high wing monoplane. Scaled down A.W.XV 1
  A.W.16   1930 21/26 Prdn 19(2) 1S, 1E fighter biplane 1,7,39,104
  A.W.17 (Note - Type number re-used for Aries) 1931  Proj 0 1S,  2E fighter monoplane. 1,56
  A.W.17 Aries  1930 20/25 Proto 1 2S, 1E army co-operation biplane 1,6
  A.W.18     Proj 0 4E heavy bomber monoplane (1)
  A.W.19   1934 G.4/31 (OR.2) Proto 1 2/3S, 1E general purpose biplane 1,6,79
  A.W.20   1931  Proj 0 2E day bomber 1,56
  A.W.21   1931  Proj 0 1S, 1E fighter monoplane 1,23,56
  A.W.22     Proj 0 1E fast climbing monoplane (1)
  A.W.23   1935 C.26/31 (OR.4) Proto 1 2E monoplane bomber / transport 1,6
  A.W.24   1933 B.9/32 Proj 0 2E day bomber monoplane 1,56
  A.W.25   1932  Proj 0 4E bomber based on A.W.XV Atalanta 1,56
  A.W.26   1932  Proj 0 4E bomber based on A.W.XV Atalanta (1)
  A.W.27 Ensign Mks I & II  1938  Prdn 14(8) 4E high wing monoplane airliner 1,3,11,35,41,45,69,66,109,110
  A.W.27A Rail Launching Scheme  13/38 n/a   (8)
  A.W.28   1933  Proj 0 1S, 1E fighter biplane 1,56
  A.W.29   1936 P.27/32 (OR.7) Proto 1 2S, 1E monoplane day bomber 1,6,32,73,81
  A.W.30   1934  Proj 0 2E bomber based on A.W.23 56
  A.W.31     Proj 0 1S, 1E fighter biplane (1)
  A.W.32   1934  Proj 0 2S, 1E monoplane 56
  A.W.33   1934 F.22/33 Proj 0 2S,  2E fighter monoplane 56
  A.W.34   1934 F.5/33 (3) Proj 0 2S, 1E fighter monoplane 56,67
  A.W.35 Scimitar  1934 F.7/30 (OR.1) Prdn 4(2) 1S, 1E fighter biplane 1,7,24,43
  A.W.36   1934  Proj 0 2S, 1E army co-operation biplane 56
  A.W.37   1934  Proj 0 2S, 1E general purpose biplane 1,56
  A.W.38 Whitley Mks I to VII  1936 B.3/34 (OR.12) Prdn 1814(15) 2E, mid wing monoplane bomber 1,6,9,20,21,40,53,69,70,86,90,91,94,100,111,127,129
  A.W.39    B.1/35 (OR.19) Proj 0 2E Heavy Bomber 56
   Not Identified   F.9/35 Proj 0 2S, 1E fighter - dev of A.W.34 1,16,78
  A.W.40     Proj 0 2E monoplane mail carrier 56
   Not Identified   F.11/37 (OR.50) Proj 0 2S,  2E fighter monoplane 16,56,67
   Not Identified   B.9/38 Proj 0 2E bomber (8)
  A.W.41 Albemarle Mks I to VI  1939 B.18/38 (OR.60) Prdn 602 2E, mid wing monoplane bomber, special 1,6,22,24,25,34,52,55,83,88,89,92,95,112,120
         transport & glider tug. 
  A.W.42    B.12/36 (OR.40) Proj 0 4E long range bomber deriv. of A.W.38  16,56,96
  A.W.43     Proj 0 4E monoplane airliner (1)
  A.W.44   1939  Proj 0 4E bomber derivative of A.W.41 (56)
  A.W.45     Proj 0 2E medium bomber 56
  A.W.46     Proj 0 4E bomber derivative of A.W.45 56
  A.W.47    B.3/40 (OR.80) Proj 0 Bomber (16)
  A.W.48    B.1/39 Proj 0 4E heavy bomber 16,56,96
   Not Identified  1940 B.7/40 (OR.84) Proj 0 4S, 2E medium bomber 16,56
  A.W.49   1942  Proj 0 1S, 1E ground attack fighter 16,54,56
   Not Identified      4E long range bomber deriv. of A.W.38  56
   Not Identified   B.11/41 (OR.110) Proj 0 2E high speed bomber (8),(127)
  A.W.50     Proj 0 4E tailless monoplane 15,54,56,122
  A.W.51     Proj 0 2S glider model of A.W.50; became A.W.52G (1)
  A.W.52G   1945  Proto 1 2S flying wing glider 1,12,13,27,1,51,54,122,131
  A.W.52   1947 E.9/44 Proto 2 2S flying wing 1,13,27,31,51,54, 113,114,131
  A.W.53   1943 S.6/43 Proj 0 2E torpedo bomber 16,56
  A.W.54   1943 S.11/43 (OR.146) Proj 0 2E reconnaissance bomber (propellor) 1,16,56
  A.W.54A   1943 S.11/43 (OR.146) Proj 0 2E reconnaissance bomber (jet) 1,16,56
   Not Identified   18/44 Proj 0 Short range civil transport  (Brabazon Type VA) (19)
   Not Identified   6/45 Proj 0 Long range civil transport  (Brabazon Type IIIA) (19), 56?
  A.W.55 Apollo Achilles, Avon 1949 16/46 Proto 2 4E airliner 1,3,29,44,45,75,80,82,115,130
  A.W.56   1947 B.35/46 (OR.229) Proj 0 5E Medium range bomber 15,61,54,56,122,131
  A.W.57   1948 C.2/47 Proj 0 4E 32 passenger airliner 56
  A.W.58   1949 E.16/49 (OR.282) Proj 0 Transonic research aircraft 13,14,59,56
  A.W.59   1951 ER.110T Proj 0 Variable sweep supersonic fighter 56,59,128
  A.W.60     Proj 0 Variant of Gloster/AWA Meteor N.F. 56
  A.W.61     Proj 0 Variant of Gloster/AWA Meteor N.F. (56)
  A.W.62     Proj 0 Variant of Gloster/AWA Meteor N.F. (56)
  A.W.63     Proj 0 Variant of Gloster/AWA Meteor N.F. (56)
  A.W.64     Proj 0 Variant of Gloster/AWA Meteor N.F. (56)
  A.W.65  Freightliner 1955 OR.323 Proj 0 2E civil transport 1,56
  A.W.66   1955 OR.323 Proj 0 2E military transport 1,56

From the early 1950s, Armstrong Whitworth changed to a new Type Numbering System, beginning with AW.165.
This later changed to a system which allocated a block of ten Type Numbers to each new project and its derivatives

Project No

Type No

Name

Alternative Name(s)

Year

Spec

Status

Qty

Description

References

  A.W.165   1952  Proj 0 2S all weather fighter 14,56
  A.W.166   1953 ER.134T Proj 0 High speed research aircraft 14,56,57
  A.W.166     Proj 0 2S, 2E fighter from ER134T proposal (56)
  A.W.167   1953  Proj 0 5E transatlantic jet airliner 56
  A.W.168   1953 M.148T (NA.39) Proj 0 2S,  2E naval strike aircraft 1,15,56,132
  A.W.169   1955 F.155T (OR.329) Proj 0 Supersonic all weather fighter 14,56,58,133
  A.W.170   1955  Proj 0 Transport aircraft (1)
  A.W.171   1956 ER.161T (A) Proj 0 1S, 2+10E VTOL research aircraft. 56,122
  A.W.172   1956 ER.161T (B) Proj 0 1S, 1E research aircraft. 56
  A.W.173     Proj 0 Target aircraft (1)
  A.W.174   1956  Proj 0 Airliner to BOAC long range jetliner requirements 56
  A.W.175   1957  Proj 0 4E airliner to BEA short/med range requirements 56
  A.W.176   1958  Proj 0 VTOL airliner 56
   Not Identified  1958  Proj 0 2E car ferry (1)
  A.W.650 Argosy Srs.100 to Srs. 220  1959  Prdn 17 4E transport 1,30,48,49,62,84,116,119,121
  A.W.651   1959  Proj 0 A.W.650 with two R.R. Tyne (1)
  A.W.660 Argosy Mks 1 & 2  1961 C.195 (OR.344) Prdn 56(16) 4E transport 1,26,50,63,64,84,85,117,119
  A.W.661   1959  Proj 0 A.W.660 with two R.R. Tyne (56)
  A.W.670   1959  Proj 0 Car ferry development of A.W.650 49,56,72,77
  A.W.671   1959  Proj 0 All passenger development of A.W.670 49,56
  A.W.680   1963 OR.351 Proj 0 STOL military turboprop transport 56
  A.W.681   1963 C.225 (ASR.351) Proj 0 Long range STOL military transport 1,18,56,65
  A.W.682   1963  Proj 0 Civil freighter development of A.W.681 18,56
  A.W.690   1964  Proj 0 VTOL development aircraft. Conv. of Nord Noratlas18,56




Designs From The Initial Projects Section of the Technical Department top

Project No

Type No

Name

Alternative Name(s)

Year

Spec

Status

Qty

Description

References

 AWP.1  Unknown       
 AWP.2      Proj 0 VTOL study (19)
 AWP.3  Unknown       
 AWP.4  Unknown       
 AWP.5  Unknown       
 AWP.6  Unknown       
 AWP.7    1957  Proj 0 1E twin boom agricultural aircraft 1,56,134
 AWP.8    1957  Proj 0 VTOL airliner study for BEA 56
 AWP.9  Unknown       
 AWP.10    1957  Proj 0 VTOL study (125)
 AWP.11    1957  Proj 0 VTOL study (125)
 AWP.12  Unknown       
 AWP.13    1957  Proj 0 M-wing supersonic transport 56
 AWP.14    1957  Proj 0 Swept-wing supersonic transport 56
 AWP.15    1957  Proj 0 Maritime patrol derivative of A.W.650 56
 AWP.16  Unknown       
 AWP.17    1958  Proj 0 VTOL study (125)
 AWP.18    1958  Proj 0 40-seat VTOL airliner 56
 AWP.19    1958  Proj 0 VTOL study (125)
 AWP.20    1958  Proj 0 VTOL study 56
 AWP.21    1958  Proj 0 VTOL study (125)
 AWP.22    1958  Proj 0 M-wing supersonic transport 56
 AWP.23    1958  Proj 0 Car ferry (19)
 AWP.24    1958  Proj 0 VTOL study (125)
 AWP.25  Unknown       
 AWP.26    1959  Proj 0 VTOL development of A.W.660 50,56
 AWP.27    1959  Proj 0 VTOL development of A.W.650 56
 AWP.28    1959  Proj 0 VTOL development of A.W.660 (50)
 AWP.29    1960  Proj 0 Maritime recce development of A.W.660 56

Project References                    To show project references in a floating window



Project References

1         Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Since 1913, Oliver Tapper (Putnam., 1973)

2         Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps, The, J.M. Bruce (Putnam, 1982)

3         British Civil Aircraft Since 1919, Vol 1, A.J. Jackson (Putnam, 1973)

4         British Civil Aircraft Since 1919, Vol 2, A.J. Jackson (Putnam, 1973)

5         British Aeroplanes 1914-18, J.M. Bruce (Putnam, 1957)

6         British Bomber Since 1914, Francis K. Mason (Putnam 1994)

7         British Fighter Since 1912, Francis K. Mason (Putnam 1992)

8         British Aircraft Specifications File, K.J. Meekcoms and E.B. Morgan (Air-Britain Publications, 1994)

9         Whitley File, The, R.N. Roberts (Air Britain Publications, 1986)

10       British Light Aeroplanes, Arthur W.J.G. Ord-Hume (GMS Enterprises, 2000)

11       British Commercial Aircraft, Arthur W.J.G. Ord-Hume (GMS Enterprises, 2003)

12       British Gliders and Sailplanes 1922-1970, Norman Ellison (Adam and Charles Black, 1970)

13       British Research and Development Aircraft, Ray Sturtivant (Haynes Publishing, 1990)

14       British Secret Projects - Jet Fighters Since 1950, Tony Buttler (Midland Publishing, 2000)

15       British Secret Projects - Jet Bombers Since 1949, Tony Buttler (Midland Publishing, 2003)

16       British Secret Projects - Fighters & Bombers 1935-1950, Tony Buttler (Midland Publishing, 2004)

17       Fighters Of W.W.I, Vol 1, J.M. Bruce (McDonald, 1965)

18       Project Cancelled, Derek Wood (Janes, 1983)

19       Stuck On The Drawing Board, Richard Payne (Tempus Publishing Ltd., 2004)

20       Famous Bombers of the Second World War, Vol 2, William Green (McDonald, 1960)

21       RAF Bombers, Part 1, Green & Swanborough (Pilot Press 'WW2 Aircraft Fact Files', 1979)

22       Aircraft For The Royal Air Force, M.J.F. Bowyer (Faber and Faber Ltd., 1980)

23       21st Profile No.10

24       21st Profile No.11

25       Aeromilitaria, 1976/2 (Air-Britain Publications)

26       Aeromilitaria, 1978/1 (Air-Britain Publications)

27       Aeromilitaria, 2003/3 (Air-Britain Publications)

28       Aeromilitaria, 2005/3 (Air-Britain Publications)

29       Aviation World, 2005/4 (Air-Britain Publications)

30       Aviation World, 2007/4 (Air-Britain Publications)

31       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Dec, 1974

32       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jun, 1975

33       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Feb - Mar, 1978

34       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Aug - Sep, 1978

35       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Mar - Apr, 1979

36       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jul, 1980

37       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Oct - Nov, 1980

38       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Apr - May, 1981

39       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Apr, 1982

40       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Aug - Oct, 1982

41       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, May, 1985

42       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jun, 1986

43       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Nov - Dec, 1986

44       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jun, 1988

45       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jul, 1988

46       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Sep - Oct, 1989

47       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Feb - Mar, 1991

48       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jan, 1993

49       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Feb, 1993

50       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Mar-Apr, 1993

51       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Amay, 1995

52       Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Aug - Sep, 1996

53       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 9

54       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 17

55       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 39

56       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 43

57       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 60

58       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 61

59       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 69

60       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 72

61       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 79

62       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 105

63       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 106

64       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 107

65       Air Enthusiast Quarterly 124

66       Air International Magazine, Feb, 1972

67       Air International Magazine, Jul, 1991

68       Air International Magazine, May, 1995

69       Air Pictorial Magazine, Dec, 1956

70       Air Pictorial Magazine, Jan, 1957

71       Air Pictorial Magazine, Mar, 1957

72       Air Pictorial Magazine, May, 1957

73       Air Pictorial Magazine, Oct, 1958

74       Air Pictorial Magazine, Jan, 1959

75       Air Pictorial Magazine, Apr 1959

76       Air Pictorial Magazine, Nov, 1960

77       Air Pictorial Magazine, Jun, 1961

78       Air Pictorial Magazine, Aug, 1961

79       Air Pictorial Magazine, Jan, 1963

80       Air Pictorial Magazine, Oct, 1972

81       Air Pictorial Magazine, Feb, 1978

82       Aircraft Illustrated Magazine Mar, 1970

83       Aircraft Illustrated Magazine Aug, 1970

84       Aviation News Magazine Vol 6/6

85       Aviation News Magazine Vol 6/17

86       Aviation News Magazine Vol 7/9

87       Aviation News Magazine Vol 7/18

88       Aviation News Magazine Vol 9/6

89       Aviation News Magazine Vol 9/9

90       Planes Magazine #11

91       Planes Magazine #12

92       Planes (Incorporating Wingspan) Magazine #16

93       Wingspan (Incorporating Planes) Magazine #42

94       Aircraft Of The Fighting Powers, Vol II (Harborough Publishing, 1941)

95       Aircraft Of The Fighting Powers, Vol V (Harborough Publishing, 1944)

96       RAF Bomber Command 1936-1940, James Goulding & Philip Moyes (Ian Allen, 1975)

97       Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War, Lamberton,Cheesman & Russell (Harleyford Publications, 1962)

98       Aerodata Data Plan #3 - Armstrong Whitworth Siskin, Arthur Granger (Vintage Aviation Publications, 1977)

99       On Silver Wings, Lumsden & Thetford (Osprey, 1993)

100     Armstrong Whitworth Whitley, P.R.J. Moyes - Aircraft Profile No.153 (Profile Publications, 1971)

101     Flight Magazine, Apr 3, 1924

102     Flight Magazine, Dec 4, 1924

103     Flight Magazine, Jul 5, 1928

104     Flight Magazine, Oct 23, 1931

105     Flight Magazine, Aug 5, 1926

106     Flight Magazine, Aug 2, 1928

107     Flight Magazine, Jul 8, 1932

108     Flight Magazine, Jul 15, 1932

109     Flight Magazine, Apr 1, 1937

110     Flight Magazine, Sep 15, 1938

111     Flight Magazine, Oct 21, 1937

112     Flight Magazine, Jan 27, 1944

113     Flight Magazine, Dec 19, 1946

114     Flight Magazine, Jan 15, 1948

115     Flight Magazine, Aug 26, 1948

116     Flight Magazine, 17 Oct ,1958

117     Flight Magazine, Feb 10, 1961

118     Flight Magazine, 15 May 1953 (correspondence by J.M. Bruce)

119     http://argosyair.co.uk/index.html

120     http://www.raf38group.org/albemarleindex

121     Flight Magazine, Nov 1, 1957

122     Secret Projects - Flying Wings and Tailless Aircraft, Bill Rose (Midland/Ian Allan Publishing, 2010)

123     Windsock Mini Datafile 13, the AW F.K.3, J.M. Bruce (Albatross Productions, 1998)

124     Windsock Datafile 64, the AW F.K.8, J.M. Bruce (Albatross Productions, 1997)

125     The Aerospace Professional, RAeS, September 2011

126     Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Apr 2011

127     British Experimental Combat Aircraft of World War II, Tony Buttler, (Hikoki Publications, 2012)

128     Aeromilitaria, 2012/1 (Air-Britain Publications)

129     Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, May, 2012

130     Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, April, 2013

131     Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, December, 2014

132     Aeromilitaria, 2014/1 (Air-Britain Publications)

133     Aeromilitaria, 2014/3 (Air-Britain Publications)

134     British Private Aircraft, 1946-1970, Volume 2 , Arthur W.J.G. Ord-Hume (Mushroom Model Publications, 2013)


1.    Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Since 1913, Oliver Tapper (Putnam., 1973)76.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Nov, 1960
2.    Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps, The, J.M. Bruce (Putnam, 1982)77.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Jun, 1961
3.    British Civil Aircraft Since 1919, Vol 1, A.J. Jackson (Putnam, 1973)78.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Aug, 1961
4.    British Civil Aircraft Since 1919, Vol 2, A.J. Jackson (Putnam, 1973)79.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Jan, 1963
5.    British Aeroplanes 1914-18, J.M. Bruce (Putnam, 1957)80.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Oct, 1972
6.    British Bomber Since 1914, Francis K. Mason (Putnam 1994)81.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Feb, 1978
7.    British Fighter Since 1912, Francis K. Mason (Putnam 1992)82.    Aircraft Illustrated Magazine Mar, 1970
8.    British Aircraft Specifications File, K.J. Meekcoms and E.B. Morgan 83.    Aircraft Illustrated Magazine Aug, 1970
      (Air-Britain Publications, 1994)84.    Aviation News Magazine Vol 6/6
9.    Whitley File, The, R.N. Roberts (Air Britain Publications, 1986)85.    Aviation News Magazine Vol 6/17
10.    British Light Aeroplanes, Arthur W.J.G. Ord-Hume (GMS Enterprises, 2000)86.    Aviation News Magazine Vol 7/9
11.    British Commercial Aircraft, Arthur W.J.G. Ord-Hume (GMS Enterprises, 2003)87.    Aviation News Magazine Vol 7/18
12.    British Gliders and Sailplanes 1922-1970, Norman Ellison (Adam and Charles Black, 1970)88.    Aviation News Magazine Vol 9/6
13.    British Research and Development Aircraft, Ray Sturtivant (Haynes Publishing, 1990)89.    Aviation News Magazine Vol 9/9
14.    British Secret Projects - Jet Fighters Since 1950, Tony Buttler (Midland Publishing, 2000)90.    Planes Magazine #11
15.    British Secret Projects - Jet Bombers Since 1949, Tony Buttler (Midland Publishing, 2003)91.    Planes Magazine #12
16.    British Secret Projects - Fighters & Bombers 1935-1950, Tony Buttler 92.    Planes (Incorporating Wingspan) Magazine #16
      (Midland Publishing, 2004)93.    Wingspan (Incorporating Planes) Magazine #42
17.    Fighters Of W.W.I, Vol 1, J.M. Bruce (McDonald, 1965)94.    Aircraft Of The Fighting Powers, Vol II (Harborough Publishing, 1941)
18.    Project Cancelled, Derek Wood (Janes, 1983)95.    Aircraft Of The Fighting Powers, Vol V (Harborough Publishing, 1944)
19.    Stuck On The Drawing Board, Richard Payne (Tempus Publishing Ltd., 2004)96.    RAF Bomber Command 1936-1940, James Goulding & Philip Moyes (Ian Allen, 1975)
20.    Famous Bombers of the Second World War, Vol 2, William Green (McDonald, 1960)97.    Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War, Lamberton,Cheesman & Russell 
21.    RAF Bombers, Part 1, Green & Swanborough (Pilot Press 'WW2 Aircraft Fact Files', 1979)      (Harleyford Publications, 1962)
22.    Aircraft For The Royal Air Force, M.J.F. Bowyer (Faber and Faber Ltd., 1980)98.    Aerodata Data Plan #3 - Armstrong Whitworth Siskin, Arthur Granger
23.    21st Profile No.10      (Vintage Aviation Publications, 1977)
24.    21st Profile No.1199.    On Silver Wings, Lumsden & Thetford (Osprey, 1993)
25.    Aeromilitaria, 1976/2 (Air-Britain Publications)100.    Armstrong Whitworth Whitley, P.R.J. Moyes - Aircraft Profile No.153 
26.    Aeromilitaria, 1978/1 (Air-Britain Publications)      (Profile Publications, 1971)
27.    Aeromilitaria, 2003/3 (Air-Britain Publications)101.    Flight Magazine, Apr 3, 1924
28.    Aeromilitaria, 2005/3 (Air-Britain Publications)102.    Flight Magazine, Dec 4, 1924
29.    Aviation World, 2005/4 (Air-Britain Publications)103.    Flight Magazine, Jul 5, 1928
30.    Aviation World, 2007/4 (Air-Britain Publications)104.    Flight Magazine, Oct 23, 1931
31.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Dec, 1974105.    Flight Magazine, Aug 5, 1926
32.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jun, 1975106.    Flight Magazine, Aug 2, 1928
33.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Feb - Mar, 1978107.    Flight Magazine, Jul 8, 1932
34.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Aug - Sep, 1978108.    Flight Magazine, Jul 15, 1932
35.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Mar - Apr, 1979109.    Flight Magazine, Apr 1, 1937
36.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jul, 1980110.    Flight Magazine, Sep 15, 1938
37.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Oct - Nov, 1980111.    Flight Magazine, Oct 21, 1937
38.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Apr - May, 1981112.    Flight Magazine, Jan 27, 1944
39.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Apr, 1982113.    Flight Magazine, Dec 19, 1946
40.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Aug - Oct, 1982114.    Flight Magazine, Jan 15, 1948
41.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, May, 1985115.    Flight Magazine, Aug 26, 1948
42.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jun, 1986116.    Flight Magazine, 17 Oct ,1958
43.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Nov - Dec, 1986117.    Flight Magazine, Feb 10, 1961
44.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jun, 1988118.    Flight Magazine, 15 May 1953 (correspondence by J.M. Bruce)
45.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jul, 1988119.    http://argosyair.co.uk/index.html
46.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Sep - Oct, 1989120.    http://www.raf38group.org/albemarleindex
47.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Feb - Mar, 1991121.    Flight Magazine, Nov 1, 1957
48.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Jan, 1993122.    Secret Projects - Flying Wings and Tailless Aircraft, Bill Rose
49.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Feb, 1993      (Midland/Ian Allan Publishing, 2010)
50.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Mar-Apr, 1993123.    Windsock Mini Datafile 13, the AW F.K.3, J.M. Bruce (Albatross Productions, 1998)
51.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, May, 1995124.    Windsock Datafile 64, the AW F.K.8, J.M. Bruce (Albatross Productions, 1997)
52.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Aug - Sep, 1996125.    The Aerospace Professional, RAeS, September 2011
53.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 9126.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, Apr, 2011
54.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 17127.    British Experimental Combat Aircraft of WWII, Tony Buttler, (Hikoki Publications, 2012)
55.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 39128.    Aeromilitaria, 2012/1 (Air-Britain Publications)
56.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 43129.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, May, 2012
57.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 60130.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, April, 2013
58.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 61131.    Aeroplane Monthly Magazine, December, 2014
59.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 69132.    Aeromilitaria, 2014/1 (Air-Britain Publications)
60.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 72133.    Aeromilitaria, 2014/3 (Air-Britain Publications)
61.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 79134.    British Private Aircraft, 1946-1970, Volume 2, Arthur W.J.G. Ord-Hume
62.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 105       (Mushroom Model Publications, 2013)
63.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 106  
64.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 107  
65.    Air Enthusiast Quarterly 124  
66.    Air International Magazine, Feb, 1972  
67.    Air International Magazine, Jul, 1991  
68.    Air International Magazine, May, 1995  
69.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Dec, 1956  
70.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Jan, 1957  
71.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Mar, 1957  
72.    Air Pictorial Magazine, May, 1957  
73.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Oct, 1958  
74.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Jan, 1959  
75.    Air Pictorial Magazine, Apr 1959  



Notes
  1. Incorrectly identified in Tapper [1] as F.K.3.
  2. Incorrectly identified in Bruce [5][17] & Mason[7] as F.K.12 - see Tapper [1].
  3. To OR.9, OR.11 & OR.20.
  4. The F.K.11 is the last positively identified Koolhoven design for Armstrong Whitworth. It is speculated that the F.K.12 may have been the "Improved F.K.8" and F.K.13 the Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance Biplane. In 1926, Koolhoven retroactively applied F.K. designations to his earlier work and that included F.K.14 to F.K.19 (F.K.20 being his first design for BAT), but there is no evidence to tie these to Armstrong Whitworth.
    A list of Koolhovens designs (in Dutch) may be found at http://www.hdekker.info/DIVERSEN/DIVERSE%20ARTIKELEN.htm
  5. This number was used for gondolas for the ten Submarine Scout airships that Armstrong Whitworth built (S.S.40 - S.S.49) and was based on an F.K.3 fuselage. Since the contract stipulated that a reserve for each airship hull was needed, it is entirely possible that twenty of these F.K. 4 hulls were built.



Production Summary top

The complete production for all Armstrong Whitworth companies is:

Grand Total Armstrong Whitworth & Siddeley Deasy Production

5619

Note: In the Production Summary, conversions are only listed where they result in a change from one Type to another. Changes to sub-type or Mark Number are not shown in the summary. For details of these, see the individual listings.



Aerial Department of the Sir W. G Armstrong Whitworth Companytop  

Production Summary Top  

Type No

Name

Qty (New)

Qty (Conv.)

Canc'd

 F.K.1

1

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 F.K.2

9

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 F.K.3

343

150

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 F.K.5

1

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 F.K.6

1

3

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 F.K.7

1

49

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 F.K.8

1700

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 F.K.9

2

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 F.K.10

10

50

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 (unnamed 2S recce b/p)

1

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 "Improved F.K.8"

1

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 F.M.4

 Armadillo

1

1

Prdn_List_5.jpg

 Ara

2

1

Prdn_List_5.jpg

Total Armstrong Whitworth Aerial Dept. Production

2071 

Total Armstrong Whitworth Aerial Dept. Cancelled Orders

253 



Siddeley Deasytop  

Production Summary Top  

Type No

Name

Qty (New)

Qty (Conv.)

Canc'd

 R.T.1 

3

 

3

Prdn_List_5.jpg
 S.R.2 Siskin

3

 

3

Prdn_List_5.jpg
  Siniai

2

 

2

Prdn_List_5.jpg

Total Siddeley Deasy Motor Car Co Production

8 

Total Siddeley Deasy Motor Car Co Cancelled Orders

8 



Sir W.G Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Co. Ltd.top  

Production Summary Top  

Type No

Name

Qty (New)

Qty (Conv.)

Canc'd

  Siskin

482

 

52

Prdn_List_5.jpg
  Tadpole

1

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
  Awana

2

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
  Wolf

6

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
  Atlas

488

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
  Ajax

4

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
  Ape

3

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
  Argosy

7

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.XIV Starling Mk.I

4

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.XV Atalanta

8

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.16 

19

(2)

 Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.17 Aries

1

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.19 

1

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.23 

1

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.27 Ensign

14

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.29 

1

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.34   

1

Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.35 Scimitar

4

(2)

 Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.38 Whitley

1814

 

120

Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.39   

1

Prdn_List_5.jpg
  F.9/35  

1

Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.41 Albemarle

602

1669

Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.52G 

1

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.52 

2

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.55 Apollo

2

  Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.58   

2

Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.650 Argosy

17

3

Prdn_List_5.jpg
 A.W.660 Argosy

56

  Prdn_List_5.jpg

Total Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Production

3540 

Total Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Cancelled Orders

1849 

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V1.3.0 Created by Roger Moss. Last updated February 2017