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Blackburn Early Monoplanes

For a description of the format and data included in Production Tables, see here.

Produced Variants
1909 MonoplaneSingle-seat, fabric-covered, high wing wooden monoplane. One 35 h.p Green powerplant. Also known as the Heavy Type.
1911 MonoplaneSingle-seat, fabric-covered, wooden monoplane. One 40 h.p. Isaacson powerplant.
Mercury I (1)Two seat development of the 1911 monoplane. 50 h.p. Isaacson powerplant.
Mercury II (1)Single seat development of the Mercury I. 50 h.p. Gnome powerplant. The second machine was converted to a two-seater following an accident and, following another, reconverted to a single seater when it was refered to as the Blackburn Monoplane Type B.
Mercury III (1) Three seat monoplane (except the last, built as a single seater for exhibition flights), also known as the Mercury Passenger Type. Various powerplants as noted.
Type EMonoplane with all metal fuselage, fabric covered steel framed wings, built in two versions. The first aircraft was a single seater fitted with a 60 h.p. Green powerplant. The second was a two seat machine aimed at the Military Trials for a two seat recconnaissance machine. 70 h.p. Renault powerplant.
1912 MonoplaneSingle-seat, fabric-covered, wooden monoplane. One 50 h.p. Gnome powerplant.
Type IA development of the 1912 monoplane built in two variants; the first was a two seat aircraft, the second was a single-seater with a small freight compartment replacing the front cockpit. Both were powered by a 80 h.p. Gnome powerplant.
Improved Type IModified Type I; the engine was more completely cowled, while in side elevation the fuselage was noticeably deeper along withfurther detail improvements. One 80 h.p. Gnome powerplant.
Land Sea MonoplaneImproved Type I rebuilt it as a floatplane trainer. Fitted an uncowled 100 h.p. Anzani powerplant.
White FalconTwo seat monoplane. One 100 h.p. Anzani powerplant.

Projected Variants
1914 SeaplaneDedicated seaplane derivative of the Improved Type I. One 80 h.p. Gnome powerplant.


Production List  

1909 Monoplane

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C/n Initial Registration Notes
 1 aircraft built by Robert Blackburn and Harry Goodyear in Leeds, Yorkshire. Completed in September 1909.
 none  none  
Total Production   1




1911 Monoplane

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C/n Initial Registration Notes
 1 aircraft built by Robert Blackburn and Harry Goodyear in Leeds, Yorkshire. Completed in July 1910 and first flown on 8 March 1911.
 none  none  
Total Production   1




Mercury I

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C/n Initial Registration Notes
 1 aircraft built by   the Blackburn Aeroplane Co., Leeds, Yorkshire. First flew early 1911.
 none  none  
Total Production   1




Mercury II

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Order of
Build
Initial Registration Notes
 2 aircraft built by the Blackburn Aeroplane Co., Leeds, Yorkshire. Both first flew in July 1911.
 1  22 (note 2)  
 2  27 (note 2)  
Total Production   2




Mercury III

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Order of
Build
Initial Registration Notes
 6 aircraft built by the Blackburn Aeroplane Co., Leeds, Yorkshire. Built between October 1911 and November 1912.
 1  none  60 h.p. Renault powerplant.
 2  none  50 h.p. Isaacson powerplant.
 3  none  50 h.p. Gnome powerplant, built for Lt Spenser Grey, RN
 4  none  50 h.p. Gnome powerplant.
 5  none  50 h.p. Anzani powerplant.
 6  none  50 h.p. Gnome powerplant. Single seater.
Total Production   6




Type E

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Order of
Build
Initial Registration Notes
 2 aircraft built by the Blackburn Aeroplane Co., Leeds, Yorkshire. First flew in April 1912.
 1  none  'No. 1 L'Oiseau Gris'; single seater for Lt. Walter Lawrence of the Indian Aviation Co. Ltd at Brooklands.
 2  none  Two seater. Completed but failed to fly.
Total Production   2




1912 Monoplane

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C/n Initial Registration Notes
 1 aircraft built by the Blackburn Aeroplane Co., Leeds, Yorkshire. First flew in March 1913.
 none  none  Built for Cyril E. Foggin.
Total Production   1




Type I

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Order of
Build
Initial Registration Notes
 2 aircraft built by the Blackburn Aeroplane Co., Leeds, Yorkshire. First flew in mid 1913.
 1  none  Built for Dr. M. G. Christie.
 2  none  See note 3.
Total Production   2




Improved Type I

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C/n Initial Registration Notes
 1 aircraft built by the Blackburn Aeroplane Co., Leeds, Yorkshire. First flew in mid 1914.
 none  none  Commandeered September 1914 but deemed unsuitable.
Total Production   1




Land Sea Monoplane

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C/n Initial Registration Notes
 1 conversion of the Improved Type I by The Blackburn Aeroplane and Motor Co. Ltd, Leeds, Yorkshire, for the Northern Aircraft Company. First flew at Bowness-on-Windermere 26 October 1915.
 none  none  
Total Conversions   (1)




White Falcon

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C/n Initial Registration Notes
 1 aircraft built by The Blackburn Aeroplane and Motor Co. Ltd, Leeds, Yorkshire. First flew in 1915.
 none  none  Built for Blackburn test pilot W. Rowland Ding.
Total Production   1




Production Summary

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All Aircraft By Type
Type Built New Conv. Canc'd Total
 1909 Monoplane 1     1
 1911 Monoplane 1     1
  Mercury I 1     1
  Mercury II 2     2
  Mercury III 6     6
 Type E 2     2
 1912 Monoplane 1     1
 Type I 2     2
 Improved Type I 1     1
 Land Sea Monoplane   (1)   1
 White Falcon 1     1
  18 (1) 0  


Notes
  1. Although the name 'Mercury' was contemporary, the separations into Mercry I, II and III is more recent and may have originated from Jackson [1] in 1968.
     
  2. Daily Mail "Circuit Of Britain" racing numbers.
     
  3. Damaged at York in May 1914. Acquired by W.R. Ding of the Northern Aircraft Co. and converted to a twin-float seaplane at Cockshot Point, Windermere. It was found to be unsatisfactory and not flown.

Production References
  1. Blackburn Aircraft Since 1909, A.J. Jackson (Putnam, 1968 and 1989)

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