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Avro

Avro_logo.jpg   A.V. Roe and Co. Ltd.


History

Edwin Alliott Verdon Roe (b. Patricroft, Manchester, 26 April 1877 - d. 4 January 1958), after a spell in Canada, became an apprentice at the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Locomotive Works, followed by another job in a boat yard. This led him to London University where he earned a degree in Marine Engineering. After time in the merchant marine, in 1902 Roe became a draughtsman in the motor car industry, but was keenly interested in flight and built many models in his spare time. In 1906 he took the post of Secretary to the Aero Club, but this was only to last a few days. Following a letter Roe had written to The Times, George Davidson gave him the post of draughtsman on the Davidson Air-Car monoplane he had designed. Davidson was financed by Lord Armstrong (of Armstrong-Whitworth) and it was decided to build the machine in America. Roe went out to Colorado in April 1906 and there created drawings for the Davidson machine.

In 1907 Roe returned to England, where Lord Northcliffe of the Daily Mail offered a prize of £75 for a model capable of sustained flight. Alliott took the prize and, thus encouraged, set out to design and built his own real aircraft. He set up shop in the stables behind the surgery belonging to his brother, Dr. S. Verdon Roe in Putney, London, the completed machine being taken to Brooklands, near Weybridge, for testing. There, the Roe 1 made short hops on June 8, 1908, but his flights were not registered officially by the Royal Aero Club and Lord Brabazon took the honour of registering first.

Having been evicted from the circuit, he started to build a radically different aeroplane. Roe found a new site at Walthamstow Marshes in East London (now part of the Lee Valley Regional Park) where he adapted two railway arches as a workshop. The resulting Triplane, erected with the assistance of E.V.B Fisher and R.L. Howard Flanders and fitted with a 9 h.p. JAP engine, created history on July 13, 1909 when the short ‘hops’ officially became ‘flights’, and by July 23 it had flown 900ft and A.V. Roe was recognised by the Aero Club as the first Englishman to design, build and fly an all-British aeroplane.

In November 1909, facing eviction from Walthamstow Marshes, Roe moved, first to Old Deer Park, Richmond, Surrey and then to Wembley Park, Middlesex. By now, Roe’s funds were getting low. His brother Humphrey Verdon Roe (b. April 18, 1879; d. July 25, 1949) was himself a successful businessman, and owner of Everard and Company of Brownsfield Mills, Manchester so, on January 1, 1910, with financial assistance from H.V., the private firm of A.V. Roe and Company was founded. The fledgling company was given engineering space at Brownsfield Mills and from then the company products were marketed under the trade name Avro. One of the design offices earliest employees was Roy Chadwick (b.March Hall Farm, nr Widnes, 1893; d.Woodford 23 August 1947) who went on to design many Avro types. Meanwhile, the management of Brooklands had undergone a change and this enabled Roe to leave Wembley Park and return there. Roe also set up a flying school at Brooklands but, with its increasing popularity as a flying centre, Roe was forced to leave Brooklands and moved the school to Shoreham, a site adjacent to the River Adur which made it ideal for land or water machines.

By early 1913, orders had grown considerably and this enabled the firm to reform as a limited company on January 11, 1913. By the following April they had outgrown Brownsfield Mills and moved into larger premises in Miles Platting. The outbreak of World War I saw a bigger surge in orders and even these new premises were inadequate. Fortunately, the nearby company of Mather & Platt had just completed a new extension and these premises were rented to became the Park Works of A.V. Roe. In order to have its own works, however, a large piece of land adjacent to the Park Works was acquired, although this, the Newton Heath Works, was not completed until the end of 1919.

In 1916, A. V. Roe purchased land in Hamble for the establishment of an aircraft factory on what became known as the South airfield. Land was also purchased in 1916 for the building of 24 houses for employees. Production and test flying started there late in 1917. Also joining the workforce at A.V. Roe at Hamble was Herbert John Louis Hinkler. The end of World War I saw an immediate cancellation in military orders resulting in severe financial problems. All main production moved to Manchester and, on a very much reduced staff, Hamble became an experimental aircraft department.

In August 1920 68.5% of the company's shares were acquired by nearby Crossley Motors who had an urgent need for more factory space for vehicle body building. In 1924, the Company left Alexandra Park Aerodrome in south Manchester where test flying had taken place during the period since 1918. A rural site to the south of the growing city was found at New Hall Farm, Woodford in Cheshire, which continues to serve aviation builders BAE Systems to this day. The same year Avro acquired land for the new north airfield at Hamble, which was opened for use in 1926. This airfield became the main site for flying as aircraft size increased and the south airfield was eventually closed in 1933. In 1928 Crossley Motors sold Avro to Armstrong Siddeley Holdings Ltd. and the same year, A.V.Roe resigned from the company he had founded and with S.E. Saunders formed Saunders Roe Limited of Cowes, Isle of Wight.

In January 1931, the Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Reserve School moved to Hamble from Whitley, near Coventry, and became Air Service Training Ltd. Finally in 1935 Avro became part of the Hawker Siddeley Aircraft Co. Ltd., after the amalgamation of the Armstrong Siddeley Development Co. Ltd. and the Hawker Aircraft Co. Ltd. but continued operating as A.V. Roe & Co. Ltd. with the trade name Avro.

On July 1, 1963 the A.V. Roe & Co. Ltd. company name (and the trade name Avro) disappeared as it, together with the Sir W.G. Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft, Ltd., became part of the Avro Whitworth Division of Hawker Siddeley Aviation, Ltd. Subsequently all aircraft in production, known previously under the individual company names, became Hawker Siddeley products. The name Avro reappeared in 1993 when British Aerospace (into which Hawker Siddeley merged in 1977) centered its Regional Jet manufacturing at Woodford under the name of BAe Regional Aircraft Ltd., Avro International Aerospace Division, to manufacture the Avro RJ range, upgraded versions of the British Aerospace BAe 146 series. The name Avro International disappeared on January 1, 2001.

Company References
  1. Avro Aircraft Since 1908, A.J. Jackson (Putnam, 1965)
  2. Avro An Aircraft Album, E.A. Harlin and G.A. Jenks (Ian Allen, 1973)
  3. Avro, The History Of An Aircraft Company, H. Holmes (Airlife, 1994)
  4. The World of Wings and Things, Alliott Verdon-Roe (Arno Press, New York, 1980)



Avro Designations

Early Avro aircraft have been identified in reference works as Roe I Biplane, Roe I Triplane etc., although these designations do not seem to appear in the contemporay press and are unlikely to have been used by Roe or the fledgling company. The first proper designation applied to an Avro machine was the Type D of 1911, the first type produced in any quantity, and this alpha designation system continued in use up to the Type J project of 1913. The allocation of Types A, B & C is unknown but was presumably intended to be retroactively applied to some of the triplanes. The introduction of the Type E of 1912 led to the first orders from the Air Ministry, and Roe, considering this his first really successful machine, gave the production version the much more imposing designation of Type 500 (possibly thinking that such a high number gave a good impression of a successful company) and this system continued in use throughout the history of the company.



Project Data top

Project No

Type No

Name

Alternative Name(s)

Year

Spec

Status

Qty

Description

References

   Roe I Biplane  1908  Proto 1  1S, 1E biplane 1,2,5,11
   Roe I Triplane  1909  Proto 2  1S, 1E triplane 1,2,5,11
   Roe II Triplane (Mercury) 1910  Prdn 2  1S, 1E triplane 1,2,5,11
   Roe III Triplane  1910  Prdn 4  2S, 1E triplane 1,2,5,11
   Roe IV Triplane  1910  Proto 1  2S, 1E triplane 1,2,5,11,170
   Monoplane  1910  Proj 0 2S, 1E monoplane 1,11
   Biplane  1910  Proj 0 2S, 1E biplane11
   Farman Type  1910  Prdn 1  2S, 1E monoplane 1,11
   Curtiss Type  1911  Prdn 1  2S, 1E biplane11
   Type D  1911  Prdn 7  1/ 2S, 1E biplane 1,2,5,11
   Duigan Biplane  1911  Proto 1  2S, 1E biplane 1,2,11
   Type E  1912  Prdn 1  2S, 1E tractor biplane.  1,2,3,4,5,11,171
  500   1912  Prdn 12  2S, 1E tractor biplane.  1,2,3,4,5,11
   Burga Monoplane  1912  Proto 1  1S, 1E tractor monoplane 1,11
   Type F  1912  Proto 1  1S, 1E tractor cabin monoplane 1,2,5,11,173
   Type G  1912  Proto 1  2S, 1E tractor cabin monoplane 1,2,3,5,11,172
  501   1913  Proto 1  2S, 1E  tractor seaplane. 1,2,11,223
  502 Type Es  1913  Prdn 5  1S, 1E tractor biplane. 1,2,3,11
  503 Type H  1913  Prdn 4  2S, 1E  tractor seaplane. 1,2,4,5,11,174
  504   1913

 Various - see

 Prdn

 10057

 2S, 1E tractor biplane. 1,2,3,4,5,6,9,10,11,12,13,19,44,50,51,58,59,87,121,127,
 128,141,151,169,175,186
  505 Not used       
  506 Type J  1913  Proj 0 Biplane seaplane gunship.  1,11
  507   1913  n/a  Set of mainplanes for a Mr. Leigh (1)
  508   1913  Proto 1  2S, 1E pusher biplane. 1,2,5,9,11
  509   1913  Proj 0 3S, 2E twin float tractor seaplane. 1,11,236
  510   1914  Prdn 6  2S, 1E tractor seaplane 1,2,4,5,11,177
  511 Arrowscout  1914  Proto 1  1S, 1E biplane scout. 1,2,5,9,11,176
  512   1914  Proj 0 2S, 1E tractor biplane. (1)
  513   1914  Proj 0 2S, 2E seaplane. 1,11
  514   1914  Proto 1  1S, 1E biplane racer. 1,11
  515   1914  Proj 0 2S biplane. (1)
  516   1915  Proj 0 Tractor monoplane. (1)
  517   1915  Proj 0 1S biplane. (1)
  518   1915  Proj 0 1S, 1E biplane. (1)
  519   1916  Proto 3  1S, 1E military biplane. 1,2,4,8
  520   1915  Proj 0 1S, 1E naval biplane. (1)
  521   1916  Prdn 1  2S, 1E biplane fighter trainer. 1,2,3,4,9,19
  522   1916  Proto 1  2S, 1E army biplane. 1,2
  523 Pike  1916 RAF Tps IV, VI, VII Proto 2  2E Army  biplane. 1,2,4,8,19
  524   1915  Proj 0 1S, 1E scout. (1)
  525   1915 RAF Type II Proj 0 1S ground attack fighter (1)
  526   1915  Proj 0 1S ground attack fighter (1)
  527   1915  Proto 1  2S, 1E Reconnaisance biplane. 1,2,4,19
  528  Silver King 1916  Proto 1  2S, 1E Naval biplane bomber. 1,2,8
  529   1917  Proto 2  2E Military biplane bomber. 1,2,4,8
  530   1917  Proto 2  2S, 1E fighter biplane. 1,2,4,9,19
  531 Spider  1917  Proto 1  1S, 1E fighter. 1,2,4,19,97
  532   1918 RAF Types IIIA, IIB and IVB Proj 0 2S recconnaisance fighter, artillery spotter or long range photo. a/c.  1
  533 Manchester  1918  Proto 2  3S, 2E bomber / photo-recce fighter. 1,2,4,8
  534 Baby  1919  Prdn 8  1S, 1E light a/c 1,2,6,12,25,56,57,178,179,181,182
  535   1919  Proj 0 1E Transatlantic a/c. 1
  536   1919  Prdn (26) 5S joy-ride version of Type 504K. 1,2,13
  537   1919  Proj 0 2E, 10S passenger a/c.  1
  538   1919  Proto 1  1S, 1E civil version of Type 531. 1,6
  539   1919  Proto 1  1S, 1E racing seaplane. 1,2,6,12,100
  540   1919  Prdn  (??) Gunnery trainer version of type 504K.  1
  541   1919 RAF Type XXI Proj 0 1E twin float recconnaissance seaplane. 1
  542   1919  Proj 0 1E, 6S passenger a/c (2)
  543 Baby  1920  Proto 1  2S, 1E light a/c See Type 534
  544 Baby  1919  Proj 0 2S variant of Type 543. See Type 534
  545   1919  Proto (1) Type 504K with Curtiss OX-5 engine. 1,2
  546   1919  Proto (1) 4S cabin version of Type 504K. 1,2,13
  547   1919  Proto 2  4S cabin triplane. 1,2,6,12,13,180
  548   1919  Prdn (38) 3S variant of Type 504K 1,2,6,12
  549 Aldershot  1920 2/20, 10/23 Proto 17  1E bomber 1,2,8,74,75
     1920 DofR Type 3 Proj 0 1E long range photo reconnaissance monoplane (157)
     1920 DofR Type 3A Proj 0 1E corps reconnaissance biplane (157)
     1921 DofR Type 6 Proj 0 1S, 1E amphibian biplane fleet fighter (157)
  550 (1)   1922  Proj 0 See note 3 (1)
  551 (2)   1920  Proto (1) 2S, 1E training biplane (1) (155)
  552   1921  Prdn 14 (28) 2S, 1E training biplane. 1,2,10,12
  553   1920  Proj 0 Training version of Type 548. (1)
  554 Antarctic Baby  1920  Proto 1  1S, 1E light a/c See Type 534
  555 Bison  1921 Various - see Prdn 56 1E fleet gunnery spotter. 1,2,84,142
  556   1921 16/22 Proj 0 2E coastal defence torpedo a/c. 159
  557 (3)   1923  Proj 0 1E parasol monoplane based on Type 552 fuselage. (1)
  557 Ava  1923 16/22 Proto 2  2E coastal defence torpedo a/c. 1,2,8
  558   1923  Proto 2  1S, 1E lightweight biplane. 1,2,6,12,25,67,184
  559   1923  Proj 0 1S, 1E lightweight monoplane (1)
  560   1923 44/23 Proto 1  1S, 1E lightweight monoplane 1,2,12,25,68,183
  561 Andover  1923 29/23 Prdn 3  1E military ambulance. 1,2,6,13
  562 Avis  1924  Proto 1  2S, 1E light biplane. 1,2,6,12,25,69,185
  563 Andover  1924  Prdn 1  1E 12 seat commercial biplane. See Type 561
  564   1924  Proj 0 2S, 1E fighter monoplane. (1)
      5A/24 Proj 0 2S, 1E floatplane training biplane (157)
  565   1924  Proj 0 2S, 1E fighter monoplane. 1
  566 Avenger  1926 7/24, 9/26 Proto 1  1S, 1E fighter. 1,2,6,9
  567 Avenger II  1928  Proto (1) 1S, 1E fighter. See Type 566
  568   1925  Proj 0 1S all-metal fighter (1)
  569 Avenger  1926  Proj 0 Avenger with wings of RAF 30 section (1)
  570   1926  Proj 0 1S seaplane fighter. 159
  571 Buffalo  1926 21/23 Proto 1  2S, 1E torpedo carrier. 1,2,6,8,82,103
  572 Buffalo II  1927  Proto (1) Conversion of Type 571 See Type 571
  573   1926 26/24 Proj 0 3E commercial biplane. 1
  574   1926 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.6C

  575   1926 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.6D

  576   1926 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.9

  577   1926  Proj 0 2S general purpose biplane. 159
  578   1926  Proj 0 2S general purpose seaplane. 159
  579   1926  Proj 0 Type 562 with wings of RAF 15 section (1)
  580   1926 8/25 Proj 0 4E heavy bomber. 157, 159
  581 Avian  1926  Proto 1  2S, 1E light biplane. 1,2,6,12,153,187,188,190,193
  582   1926  Proto (1) Type 504N with wings of RAF 30 aerofoil section. 1,2,13
  583   1926  Proj 0 1S, 1E fighter dev. of Type 566 159
  584 Avocet  1926 17/25 Proto 2  1S shipboard fighter. 1,2,9
  585   1926  Proto (1) 2S biplane. 1
  586   1926 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.8V

  587   1926 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.8R

  588   1926  Proj 0 Monoplane variant of Type 581 159
  589   1926  Proj 0 Seaplane variant of Type 581. 159
  590   1926  Proj 0 2S, 1E army co-operation a/c 1
  591   1926  Proj 0 2S, 1E army co-operation a/c 1
  592   1926  Proj 0 2S, 1E army co-operation a/c 1
  593   1926  Proj 0 2S, 1E seaplane fighter. 159
  594 Avian I  1927  Proto 194  2S, 1E light biplane. See Type 581
  595  CN.2 1927 O.22/26 Proj 0 2S land or seaplane recce fighter 159
  596  CN.1 1927  Proj 0 3S bomber version of Type 595. (1), (159)
  597   1927  Proj 0 2S light bomber - dev. of Type 571 (1)
  598 Warregull Mk.I  1927  Proj 0 2S trainer 159
  599 Warregull Mk.II  1927  Proj 0 2S trainer 159
  600   1927  Proj 0 Avian with wings of RAF 15 aerofoil. (1)
  601   1927  Proj 0 2S, 1E reconnaisance landplane 159
  602   1927  Proj 0 1S, 1E fighter dev. of Type 566 159
  603   1927  Proj 0 3E 8 passenger monoplane 159
  604 Antelope  1928 12/26 Proto 1  2S, 1E high performance bomber 1,2,8,107,191
  605 Avian  1927  Prdn (2) Seaplane version of Avian. See Type 581
  606   1927 14/26, R.4/27 Proj 0 3E monoplane flying boat 1, 157
  607   1927 14/26, R.4/27 Proj 0 3E monoplane flying boat 159
  608 Hawk  1928  Pro(n) 1 2S, 1E fighter biplane. 1,107
     1928 M.5/28 Proj 0 2S, 1E ship borne torpedo bomber (157)
  609   1927  Proj 0 3S, 1E general purpose seaplane (1)
  610 Saloon  1928 19/28 Proj 0 1E, 5 passenger cabin a/c 1,189
  611   1927 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.8

  612   1928 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.17

  613   1928 B.19/27 Proj 0 2E night bomber 159
  614   1928  Proj 0 3E commercial landplane monoplane. 159
  615   1928  Proj 0 3E commercial seaplane monoplane. 159
  616 Avian IV  1928  Prdn 256 Metal fuselage version of Type 594 See Type 581
  617   1928 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.8

  618 Ten Achilles 1928  Prdn 14  3E commercial monoplane. 1,2,6,13,70
  619 Five  1929  Prdn 4  3E commercial monoplane. 1,2,6,13,70
  620   1929 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.17

  621 Tutor  1929 Various - see Prdn 576  2S, 1E basic trainer. 1,2,6,12,45,60,140,192
  622 Hawk  1930  Proj 0 2S, 1E fighter biplane. 107,159
  623   1930  Prdn 3  3S, 1E survey variant of Type 621 159
  624 Six  1930  Prdn 3  6 seat variant of Type 619 1,2,6,13,70
  625 Avian Monoplane  1930  Prdn 2  1S, 1E Avian monoplane racing a/c See Type 581
  626   1930  Prdn 191  2S, 1E advanced trainer 1,2,6,12
  627 Mailplane  1930  Proto 1  1S, 1E biplane. 1,2,6,105-108,194
  628  Five Mk.III 1930  Proj 0 1E mail carrier derived from Type 619. 159
  629   1930 21/28 Proj 0 1E mail carrier derived from Type 619. 157, 159
  630   1931  Proj 0 Day bomber variant of Type 627. 159
     1930 M.1/30 Proj 0 2S, 1E ship borne torpedo bomber (158)
  631 Cadet  1931  Prdn 36  2S, 1E light trainer. 1,2,6,12,195,196,226
  632   1932 S.9/30 Proj 0 1E Fleet torpedo recce a/c. 159
  633 Cadet Fighter  1931  Proj 0 1S, 1E fighter variant of Type 631 (1)
  634   1932  Proj 0 2S, low-wing monoplane. 159
  635   1932  Proj 0 3S, 1E cabin monoplane. 159
  636   1934  Pro(n) 1 2S, 1E advanced fighter trainer. 1,2,6,201
  637   1934  Prdn 8  General purpose variant of Type 626. 1,2,6,197
  638 Club Cadet  1933  Prdn 17  2S, 1E light trainer. See Type 631
  639 Cabin Cadet  1933  Proto 2  2S, 1E cabin variant of Type 631. See Type 631
  640 Cadet  1933  Prdn 9  3S, 1E joy riding variant of Type 631 See Type 631
  641 Commodore  1934  Prdn 6  5S, 1E cabin biplane. 1,2,6,12,13,152,199,226
  642 Eighteen  1934 11/30 Prdn 2  2E/4E commercial monoplane 1,2,6,13,70,198
  643 Cadet  1933  Prdn 69  2S, 1E light trainer dev of Type 631 See Type 631
  644   1933  Proj 0 2S, 1E reconnaisance bomber. 159
  645   1933  Proj 0 6S, 2E, passenger a/c 159
  646 Sea Tutor  1933 26/32, 26/34 Prdn 14  2S, 1E seaplane variant of Type 621. See Type 621
  647   1933  Proj 0 6S, 2E commercial monoplane. (1)
  648   1933  Proj 0 6S, 2E commercial monoplane. 159
  649   1933  Proj 0 4E, 17 seat commercial seaplane. 159
  650   1933  Proj 0 4E, 8 seat  variant of  Type 642/4m. 159
  651   1933  Proj 0 3E high wing monoplane. (1)
   Prefect  1935 32/34 Prdn 7  Conversion of Type 621 See Type 626
  652  Avalon 1935  Prdn 3  2E commercial monoplane 1,2,6,13,32,70,200
  652A Anson  1935 Various - see Prdn 11026  2E coastal patrol or training aircraft. 1,2,6,8,32,33,61,78,86,125,138,147,168,202,203
  653   1933  Proj 0 4E long range seaplane biplane. 159
  654   1933  Proto (1) Type 627 conv. as engine test-bed. 1,106
  655   1933  Proj 0 2E bomber. 159
  656   1933  Proj 0 2E bomber. 159
  657 Tiger  1933  Proj 0 2S fighter. 159
  658   1933  Proj 0 3S, 1E commercial monoplane. (1)
  659   1934  Proj 0 2E low wing monoplane. (1)
  660   1934  Pro(n) 1  2E low wing monoplane. 1
  661   1934 15/34

Avro Type No for Parnall Parasol wings

  662   1935  Proj 0 Development of Type 621. 159
  663 Cadet Trainer  1935  Proj 0 Development of Type 631. 159
  664   1934  Proj 0 2E recce monoplane. 159
  665   1934 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.22

  666   1934 O.27/34 (OR.15) Proj 0 1E fighter/dive bomber. 159
  667 (Always referred to as  Type 636) 1935  Prdn 4  2S, 1E adv. fighter trainer - re-engined Type 636 1
  668   1935 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.27

  669   1935  Proj 0 Development of Type 621. 159
  670   1935 A.39/34 (OR.18) Proj 0 Army co-operation a/c 159
  671   1935 

Avro Type No for Cierva C.20

  672   1935 G.24/35 (OR.25),
 M.15/35
 Proj 0 2E recconnaissance a/c 17,157,159
  673   1935  Proj 0 2E advanced gunnery trainer. 159
  674   1936 

 Avro Type No for Hawker Audax fitted with A.W. Panther VIA powerplant.

  675   1936 G.24/35 (OR.25),
 M.15/35
 Proj 0 2E recconnaissance a/c 17,103,157,159
  676   1936 T.6/36 (OR.34) Proj 0 2S, 1E low-wing advanced trainer. 159
  677   1936 T.6/36 (OR.34) Proj 0 2S, 1E low-wing advanced trainer. 159
     1936 10/36 (OR.38) Proj 0 2E recconnaissance a/c (17)
  678   1936  Proj 0 1E fighter a/c using twin airscrews. 159
  679 Manchester  1939 P.13/36, 19/37 Prdn 202  2E heavy bomber. 1,2,8,17,21,22,23,28,35,43,149,163
  680   1939 B.1/39 Proj 0 4E heavy bomber 17
  681   1940 B.3/40 (?) (OR.80) Proj 0 High speed bomber project (1), (157)
  682   1940 B.3/40 (?) (OR.80) Proj 0 High speed bomber project (1), (157)
  683 Lancaster  1941  Prdn 7377  4E Heavy bomber. 1,2,6,8,10,17,18,22,23,29,36,70,81,94,122,146, 154,161,
 162,163,204,224,229,235,237
  684   1941  Proj 0 4E Stratosphere bomber. 17
  685 York  1942 C.1/42, 19/44 Prdn 258  4E transport. 1,2,6,10,41,66,73,123,139,143,146,150,205,223
    '75-ton bomber' 1942  Proj 0 8E heavy bomber (17)
    '100-ton bomber' 1942  Proj 0 10E heavy bomber (17)
  686   1944  Proj 0 High altitude bomber. (1)
  687  Avro XX 1943  Proj 0 Empire trunk air transport. (1)
  688 Tudor Avro XX 1945 Various - see Prdn 22  4E airliner (short fuselage variant) 1,2,6,52,54,55,76,156,207
  689 Tudor Avro XXI 1946 Various - see Prdn 11  4E airliner (long fuselage variant) See Type 688
  690  Avro XXII, Avro 22 1945 6/45 Proj 0 6E long range airliner to Brabazon III 1,157,159
  691 Lancastrian Mailplane 1944 16/44 Prdn 82  4E passenger/transport 1,2,6,29,65,71,133,136,206
  692  Avro XXIII, Avro 23 1944 6/45 Proj 0 6E long range airliner to Brabazon III (1), (157)
  693   1944 6/45 Proj 0 4E jet transport to Brabazon IIIA. 24
  694 Lincoln  1944 B.14/43 Prdn 624 4E long range heavy bomber. 1,2,8,17,23,29,40,42,79,80,118,126,167,208,237
  695 Lincolnian  1948  Proj 0 Freighter variant of Type 691 1,2,6
  696 Shackleton  1949 R.5/46, 42/46 Prdn 191  4E maritime reconnaisance bomber. 1,2,8,26,30,37,38,39,85,96,102,130,165
  697   1947 2/47 Proj 0 Medium range empire airliner. 24
  698 Vulcan  1952 B.35/46 Prdn 135  4E heavy bomber. 1,2,8,27,31,34,47,62-64,83,109,110,115,129,137,148,
 160,164,166,213,220,221,228
  699   1947  Proj 0 60 seat variant of the Type 689 for BEA. 159
  700   1945  Proj 0 2E, 12 seat feeder liner. 159
  701 Athena  1948 T.7/45, 47/46/P Prdn 22  2S, 1E advanced trainer. 1,2,48,49,131,209,210
  702   1945  Proj 0 Aircrew trainer to RCAF Spec. 4/10. (1)
  703   1947  Proj 0 36 seat  jet transport for  TCA. (1)
  704   1947  Proj 0 2S, 2E advanced jet trainer. 159
  705   1947  Proj 0 4E jet transport, based on Type 688 with tricycle u/c. 159
  706 Ashton  1950  Proto 6  4E experimental variant of Tudor. 1,2,46,77,104,134,211,234
  707   1949 E.15/48, E.10/49 Proto 5  Delta-winged research a/c. 1,2,14,16,31,47,53,72,89,148,164,233
  708   1948 5/48 Proj 0 4E, 30 seat long range empire airliner. 24
  709   1948 5/48 Proj 0 Long range empire airliner. Variant of type 689 (2)
  710   1948 E.11/49 Proj 0 Half scale model of Type 698.   16,47,89
  711 Trader  1948 23/48 Proj 0 4E, 36 seat development of Tudor IV. 159
  712 Lincoln  1948 OR.259 Proj 0 Met. survey variant of Type 694 1,159
  713 Shackleton  1949  Proj 0 Meteorological survey variant of Type 696 159
  714   1949 T.16/48 Proj 0 2S, 1E basic jet trainer 159
  715   1950  Proj 0 4E, 8/10 seat charter a/c 24
  716 Shackleton Mk.3  1951  Proj 0 Shackleton MR.3 development 16
  717 Lincoln  1954  Proj 0 Proposed Nomad engine test aircraft. 159
  718   1951  Proj 0 4E military jet transport 159
  719 Shackleton Mk.4  1952  Proj 0 Shackleton MR.3  with 4 Nomad engines 16
  720   1951 F.124T, F.137D Pro(n) 1 Mixed powerplant interceptor. 1,2,9,16,20,227,230
  721   1952 B.126T (OR.314/OR.324) Proj 0 4E low-level bomber. 20,228
  722 Atlantic  1952  Proj 0 4E long range 113 seat airliner, based on  Type 698. 1,212
  723   1953  Proj 0 4E DC-3 replacement a/c. (1)
      ER.143T Proj 0 1S VTOL research aircraft based on Type 707B 90,231
  724   1953  Proj 0 2E VTOL interceptor. 159
  725   1953 T.147 (OR.318) Proj 0 1E advanced trainer based on Type 720. 159
  726   1953  Proj 0 1E turbojet delta night fighter 15
  727   1954  Proj 0 1E turbojet ground attack a/c, based on Type 720, or
 4E, 48 lift E, VTOL bomber (see note 4)
 16,221
  728   1955  Proj 0 Mixed power Naval interceptor. Based on Type 720. 20
  729   1955 F.155T (OR.329) Proj 0 1E all-weather fighter. 15,232
  730   1955 R.156T (OR.330/OR.333) Proj 0 8E stainless steel supersonic bomber. 16,20,221
  731   1955 ER.180D Proj 0 2E flying scale 3/8 model of Type 730. 16
  732   1956  Proj 0 4E supersonic bomber. 159
  733   1956 OR.323

 Avro designed mainplanes for A.W. Argosy

  734   1956  Proj 0 Radio-controlled decoy a/c.  159,221
  735   1956  Proj 0 8E, 100 seat supersonic airliner. 24
  736   1956  Proj 0 2/4E turboprop transport transport. 159
  737   1957  Proj 0 4E S TOL transport a/c. 159
  738   1957  Proj 0 Projected weapons system 159
  739   1957 GOR.339 Proj 0 2S, 2E low-level supersonic strike a/c. 16,88,238
  740   1957  Proj 0 3E, 105 passenger medium range airliner 20,24
  741   1957  Proj 0 2E executive jet. 24
  742   1957  Proj 0 3E jet-flap a/c 159
  743   1957  Proj 0 4E long range military freighter. 159
  744   1957  Proj 0 Nuclear powered a/c study 159
  745   1957 NBMR-2 Proj 0 Coastal recce & comms a/c.  16
  746   1957  Proj 0 1E jet-flap research a/c. 159
  747   1957  Proj 0 2E high wing transport. 159
  748   1960  Prdn 353 2E low wing transport. 1,2,7,92,93,95,99,101,112,119,120,124,216
  749   1958  Proj 0 VTOL fan lift transport to  BEA spec. 24
  750   1958  Proj 0 2/4E, 50-80 seat jet airliner. 24
  751   1958  Proj 0 3E, 40-60 seat jet airliner. 24
  752   1958  Proj 0 VTOL assault a/c 159
  753   1958  Proj 0 2E high wing freighter using Type 745 wing. 159
  754   1958  Proj 0 2E low wing civil transport using Type 745 wing. 24
  755   1958  Proj 0 4E, 40 seat STOL a/c . 159
  756   1958  Proj 0 4E long range military freighter. 159
  757  748M 1958  Proj 0 Type 748M transport for India. 1,159
  758  748R 1959  Proj 0 High-wing variant of Type 757. 159
  759   1958  Proj 0 Narrow delta  wing research glider  159
  760   1958  Proj 0 Supersonic civil airliner 24
  761   1960  Proj 0 2E jet transport. 24
  762   1958  Proj 0 Projected advanced weapon system (1)